Name: Belize (formerly known as British Honduras)
Population: 310,520 (Source: World Bank)
Capital City: Belmopan (52,000)
Currency: Belizean Dollar (BZD)
Languages: English (official), Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna, Creole
National Day: September 21
Religions: Catholic (50%), Protestant (27%), others
Belize enjoys a subtropical climate with bright sunshine all year round. We may experience intermittent showers, which help to keep our country green and lush. The days are warm with an average annual temperature of 80 degrees. The mountain areas experience cooler weather than the islands and coastal plains. In the Cayo district our warmest months are April and May and our coolest months are January and February.
Country Dialing Code: 501
Electricity: Belize uses 110/220 volts AC (60 HZ)
16° 13′ N, 88° 48′ W
Belize is strategically located in both the northern and western hemispheres. Located in North America on the northern edge of the Central America isthmus – a somewhat narrow strip of land that connects North and South America – the country is bordered by Guatemala, Mexico, the Gulf of Honduras and the Caribbean Sea. (Source: World Atlas)
Land: 8,805 sq miles (22,806km)
Water: 62 sq miles (160 sq km)
Total: 8,867 sq miles (22,966 sq km)
Coastline: 240 miles (386 km)
Landforms: Belize is divided into four main geographic regions, including the relatively low Maya Mountains of the south that dominate all but the narrow coastal plain; the northern lowlands and its many rivers and streams; the flat and swampy coastal plain, and the almost countless cayes, islands and lagoons that fringe its Caribbean coastline.
More than 50% of Belize is covered by tropical rain forest that’s dissected by a network of rivers, mostly small in length. The largest and most significant river is the navigable Belize that stretches from the Guatemala border all the way to the Caribbean Sea.
Second only in size to the Great Barrier Reef off the northeast coastline of Australia, a 175 mile long barrier reef fronts the Belize coastline, intermixed with literally hundreds of islands and cayes.
58 miles direct east of Belize City sits the Blue Hole; more than 1,000 feet across and some 400 feet deep, it’s the opening to a former Ice Age cave, and is today one of the world’s most popular dive sites.
Highest Point: Victoria Peak – 3,805 ft. (1,160 m)
Lowest Point: Caribbean Sea – 0 ft. (0 m)
Land Divisions: 6 districts; including Belize, Cayo, Corozal, Orange Walk, Stann Creek and Toledo.
Source: World Atlas